Read More About:

Tooth Pain Causes and Home Remedies for Gingivitis, Tooth Decay

by

steev austin

Tooth pain or Tooth ache can be generally regarded as pain around a particular tooth, teeth or jaws. Tooth ache can range from mild anxiety or sensitivity to being excruciatingly painful. Some women have even compared tooth pain to being as painful as child birth. Of course, this power is exaggerated claim from a number of hopeless women, but it does reflect the power of the pain arise from a toothache.

The real pain we feel is due to the irritation of the tension which are associated by means of the tooth/teeth. If you didnt be acquainted with, nerves are accountable for carrying sensations like heat, cold, touch and PAIN to the mind. In this casing when the nerves within the tooth are irritated, these take the pain impulse to the brain.

Causes of Tooth Pain

Tooth Decay or Cavity

The most common cause of tooth pain is Tooth Decay. Tooth decay is the dilapidation of the tooth due to injurious acids concealed by microorganisms in the by word of mouth cavity.

Gum Disease

The next important causing agent of tooth pain is gum disease. Deprived oral hygiene leads to bacterial plaque buildup and the toxin release from these bacteria damage the gums. The gums develop into swollen, red and sore (Gingivitis). If gum illness is not forbidden early, you are at a risk of behind your tooth.

Root Sensitivity

YouTube Preview Image

Root sensitivity (commonly termed as tooth sensitivity) is when the roots of the teeth become exposed due to recession of the gums. The roots are extremely sensitive and respond with hurting to reasonably hot or wintry foods.

Cracked teeth

A painful accidental blow or extreme biting force can cause the tooth fracture which can become a source of intense pain whenever the fractured tooth is even touched.

Wisdom tooth eruption or impaction

The eruption of Wisdom tooth often causes pain due to its misalignement. It can be converted into impacted (does not erupt) and need surgical extraction.

Home Made Teeth Whitening

Is to mix baking soda and 3% or less hydrogen peroxide in a cup and then apply to your teeth for about 15 minutes

Is to squeeze lemon juice into a cup and mix with salt. Then apply to your teeth for about 15 minutes

Is to rub baking soda as a toothpaste then rub your teeth clean with an orange peel.

Join powdered bay plant leaves and dried out carroty peel and rub on your teeth.

Chew on raw spinach

Spice things up

Other herbs and spices in your kitchen are natural breath enhancers. Take a tiny plastic bag of cloves, fennel, or anise seeds to grind following odoriferous meals.

Natural Ways to Get Rid of Gingivitis

Folic Acid – This is highly effective against gum disease. You be able to find it in pill appearance.

Vitamins C & E – These are both helpful in supporting your dental health

Neem – There are natural toothpastes in the marketplace now with neem as one of the ingredients and this is an excellent foe against gingivitis as it has natural antibacterial and anti-fungal properties. You can and find mouthwashes which hold Neem so I would highly advise that you make use of these as well.

Aloe Vera – It has been established that aloe vera is also an effectual treatment for gingivitis so if you can discover a toothpaste and/or mouthwash that contain both aloe vera and Neem you should get them for yourself.

You may be interested in reading

Tooth Ache

and

Dental Care.

Also visit

Tooth Whitening

Article Source:

eArticlesOnline.com }

Suspected serial killer appears in British court

Posted by: pTg2P3NEin Uncategorized
18
Aug

Friday, May 28, 2010

A man accused of being a serial killer has appeared in Bradford magistrates court in West Yorkshire today charged with three counts of murder. 40-year-old Stephen Griffiths is accused of killing Suzanne Blamires, 36, Susan Rushworth, 43, and Shelley Armitage, 31, all prostitutes.

Griffiths, a former van driver with a degree in psychology and studying for a PhD in criminology, gave his name as “Crossbow Cannibal” when asked. He has been in police custody since Monday when police were alerted to a CCTV recording that appeared to show a murder.

A caretaker had been reviewing footage from the flats where Griffiths lives when he saw footage of a woman and a man enter a flat early on Saturday morning. Two minutes later, she ran out and was followed by the man, who beat her to the ground and shot her in the head with a crossbow. Over the course of the weekend, the man was seen several times with bin bags and a rucksack.

On Tuesday, the day after the arrest of Griffiths, Blamires’ remains were found in the River Aire in nearby Shipley. She had been cut into several pieces and her head was located in a rucksack. Police continue to search for the other two alleged victims; Rushworth has been missing since June last year and Armitage vanished in April.

Police have searched much of Bradford’s red-light district, where Griffiths’ third-floor flat is located. Forensic investigations at the flat are expected to last around three weeks. There are plans to search landfill sites for bodies, and police may yet expand the inquiry to cover three more cold cases, although at present they have not been linked to the current inquiry.

Sniffer dogs have been used throughout the city, and police have been taking away plastic evidence bags. Some alleyways remain closed off. Police charged their suspect yesterday.

Griffiths was known as “the lizard man” in his block of flats owing to his habit of walking his two pet monitor lizards in the area. One neighbour is reported to have quoted him as saying he was studying for “a PhD in murder and Jack the Ripper,” and he has spent time in a high-security psychiatric hospital. During his five-minute court appearance he did not enter a plea, kept his head bowed and fidgeted with his cuffed hands. He said “Here, I guess,” when asked for his address.

As he stood in the glass-fronted dock, guarded by three security officers, he was watched by the families of Rushworth and Armitage, who were accompanied by police family liaison officers. Blamires’ family chose not to be present, but the victim’s mother Nicky Blamires, 54, has told the press that Suzanne was a “much-loved” family member even though she “went down the wrong path and did not have the life she was meant to have.” “Nobody deserves this,” she said. “All these girls were human beings and people’s daughters.”

Griffiths’ morning court appearance was followed by a second one this afternoon, at Bradford Crown Court. This time, he confirmed his name without incident. He was remanded into custody until next month, when he will appear in court again.

British media has been quick to compare the case to Peter Sutcliffe, dubbed the “Yorkshire Ripper”. Sutcliffe was a Bradford killer responsible for thirteen murders and seven attempted murders, including several prostitutes. Since his 1981 conviction he has spent most of the last three decades in Broadmoor high-security psychiatric hospital near London.

Submitted by: Shahlah Tarub

Once you get hold on IBM DB2 9.7 SQL Procedure Developer credential, you would be fully capable of developing the DB2 stored SQL procedures together with the user defined functions plus triggers.

To become IBM Certified Solution Developer – DB2 9.7 SQL Procedure, you need to pass the associated C2090-545 Test. This one of the imperative exam offered by IBM out of its range of certification programs essentially launched for solution developers. With no time delay get registered for this valuable certification exam and take an imperative step into your bright future.

Once you get hold on C2090-545 Certification Guides IBM DB2 9.7 SQL Procedure Developer Credential, you would be fully capable of developing the DB2 stored SQL procedures together with the user defined functions plus triggers. Addition of this certificate to your portfolio will certainly validate your experience with intermediate or advanced level skills for working as SQL Procedure Development professional.

To get C2090-545 Certified by IBM as solution development professional for DB2 9.7 SQL, its indispensible for you to fulfill the IBM recommended preconditions. If you want to attempt this certification exam, then you must possess strong expertise in DB2 SQL, DB2 SQL Procedural Language as well as skills in related tools, for instance; IBM Data Studio.

YouTube Preview Image

C2090-545 Brain Dumps IBM DB2 9.7 SQL Procedure Developer certification test consists of sixty multiple choice questions. Candidates can only attempt this exam in English. Time set for completing the test is one hour and thirty minutes. The selected test aspirants are needed to get sixty percent score as minimum requirement for passing the exam.

C2090-545 Questions included in the exam are taken from different domains making up the test in real. These test domains are six in number and include SQL Procedural Language (30%), DB2 SQL Procedures (23%), Functions (12%), Triggers (8%), Advanced Features (16%) and lastly the Related Tools (10%).

C2090-545 Actual Tests SQL Procedural Language section covers queries about describing how to define variables and cursors and capability to code assignment statements. Moreover, candidates knowledge about SQL Control statements and error handling is determined under this section. Second section of DB2 SQL Procedures is to demonstrate candidates understanding about identifying the proper usage of SQL procedures and how to use CREATE PROCEDURE statement together with testing and deploying of SQL procedure.

Under third section of functions makes up C2090-545 Preparation kits to check out candidates skills to identify proper usage of functions and how invoke, test and deploy the functions. It will also demonstrate capability of using CREATE FUNCTION statement and how to return values and a table using functions. Forth section is all about triggers; their proper usage identification, how to use the CREATE TRIGGER statement, identifying the trigger actions and theory advanced usage along with testing and deployment.

C2090-545 E-Books Advanced Features section covers candidates familiarity with Declared Global Temporary Tables and usage of system features (ADMIN_CMD), Arrays plus Associated Arrays, Global Variables, Modules and database to support PL/SQL procedures. Last section covers all queries about DB2 9.7 SQL Procedure Developer Related Tools (10%).

After accomplishing the IBM prerequisites, purchase your required C2090-545 Study Material from reliable online vendors to prepare for the test and pass successfully to earn IBM certification. Relevant training kits and Practice Exams are also helpful in this regard. Make a good choice and have an outstanding professional progress with imperative IBM credential at your record.

About the Author: ExamCertify offers a Nice collection of Training Materials for

examcertify.co.uk/C2090-545.html

PDF and

examcertify.co.uk/C2090-544.html

Exams.

Source:

isnare.com

Permanent Link:

isnare.com/?aid=1927007&ca=Computers+and+Technology
}

Friday, December 21, 2007

Cathal Ryan, an early board member of Irish non-designated flag carrier, and son of late co-founder Tony Ryan, has died. He was 48, and had been diagnosed with cancer.

Cathal bacame one of Ryanair’s first pilots, having trained as one in the 1980s in Sri Lanka, when his father set up the airline in 1985 in trust for his three sons, of which Cathal was the eldest. He left the Far East specifically to join the airline.

In 1986 he became the head of London European Airways, a business in which Ryanair had bought an 85% stake. This position, however, quickly disappeared as the carrier became Ryanair UK and was then merged entirely with Ryanair.

Over the next decade, Cathal worked both on the executive board of the airline and as a pilot, although he resigned from the latter by 1996. He remained with Ryanir until leaving the board 2002, by which time he was a multi-millionaire due to the success of the airline.

He continued to be actively involved with business ventures, taking an active role in running his family’s stud farm, as well as being a director for Irelandia, a family-owned investment company. With Irelandia he was involved in the launches of such airlines as Tiger Airways and AeroBus.

Cathal died yesterday at his home in Celbridge, Co Kildare, in the company of his children Cillian, Claudia, Danielle and Cameron, his mother Mairead and brothers Declan and Shane.

Friends and colleagues expressed surprise at his passing, commenting that at the funeral of his father, who had also been diagnosed with cancer, ten weeks previously he had “seemed fine.” Cathal had also recently begun regular trips to Italy, where he had become interested in the performing arts.

Ray MacSharry, a long-serving Ryanair director, described Cathal as “invaluable” to the air carrier’s “continuing success”. Michael O’Leary, CEO of the company, called him “one of life’s originals”.

“He was bright, charming, witty and tremendous company,” Mr O’Leary went on. “He was also an extremely skilled pilot, having become one of the youngest ever captains on the Boeing 747 aircraft, which he flew for Air Lanka in the early 1980s. Cathal’s vision, his expertise and his dedication to aircraft safety was pivotal to the development of Ryanair, and to our 22-year safety record.

“Cathal was one of Ireland’s aviation pioneers. He was a comet who shone brightly in our lives and has passed away at a tragically early age. We will all be much the poorer for the loss of his talent, his ability and his friendship,” Mr O’Leary concluded. “His vision, his expertise and his dedication to aircraft safety was pivotal to the development of Ryanair.”

His former fiance Michelle Rocca, mother of Claudia, expressed her sadness at his passing: “He was a wonderful father to Claudia; he and I had a very good relationship over the past number of years and he will be greatly missed by all of us.”

Others described him as a “well-heeled chap”, and one of the few members of Ryanair early in the airline’s history to be able to afford expensive items, such as his luxury car and his high-quality suit. Cathal’s prosperity had often helped Ryanir through financial problems in it’s early stages.

Several colleagues recalled one famous incident where airport authorities had refused to allow an aircraft he was piloting to be refueled unless it was paid for up front due to an unpaid bill. When Cathal was informed of the issue, he produced his gold credit card to pay for the fuel.

Monday, December 3, 2007

At Thanksgiving dinner David Shankbone told his white middle class family that he was to interview Reverend Al Sharpton that Saturday. The announcement caused an impassioned discussion about the civil rights leader’s work, the problems facing the black community and whether Sharpton helps or hurts his cause. Opinion was divided. “He’s an opportunist.” “He only stirs things up.” “Why do I always see his face when there’s a problem?”

Shankbone went to the National Action Network’s headquarters in Harlem with this Thanksgiving discussion to inform the conversation. Below is his interview with Al Sharpton on everything from Tawana Brawley, his purported feud with Barack Obama, criticism by influential African Americans such as Clarence Page, his experience running for President, to how he never expected he would see fifty (he is now 53). “People would say to me, ‘Now that I hear you, even if I disagree with you I don’t think you’re as bad as I thought,'” said Sharpton. “I would say, ‘Let me ask you a question: what was “bad as you thought”?’ And they couldn’t say. They don’t know why they think you’re bad, they just know you’re supposed to be bad because the right wing tells them you’re bad.”

Contents

  • 1 Sharpton’s beginnings in the movement
  • 2 James Brown: a father to Sharpton
  • 3 Criticism: Sharpton is always there
  • 4 Tawana Brawley to Megan Williams
  • 5 Sharpton and the African-American media
  • 6 Why the need for an Al Sharpton?
  • 7 Al Sharpton and Presidential Politics
  • 8 On Barack Obama
  • 9 The Iraq War
  • 10 Sharpton as a symbol
  • 11 Blacks and whites and talking about race
  • 12 Don Imus, Michael Richards and Dog The Bounty Hunter
  • 13 Sources

Category:Education

Posted by: pTg2P3NEin Uncategorized
16
Aug

This is the category for Education. See also the Education Portal.

Refresh this list to see the latest articles.

  • 21 January 2016: Detroit teachers stage sickout to protest working conditions as Obama visits
  • 28 October 2015: Time magazine names Ahmed Mohamed to ‘Most Influential Teens of 2015’
  • 23 October 2015: Masked man kills two in sword attack at Swedish school
  • 4 October 2015: Several dead in Oregon college shootings
  • 22 September 2015: Texas student Ahmed Mohamed inspires social movement
  • 2 August 2015: Local municipalities in Italy ask taxes from religious schools
  • 22 April 2015: Student kills teacher in Barcelona
  • 4 March 2015: Beverly Hall, indicted public school superintendent, dies aged 68
  • 6 February 2015: Scottish university football club under investigation over ‘blackface’ event
  • 18 December 2014: Nation mourns, world condemns Taliban attack on Pakistan army school
see older articles?Category:Education

From Wikinews, the free news source you can write.


Sister projects
  • Wikibooks
  • Commons
  • Wikipedia
  • Wikiquote
  • Wikisource
  • Wiktionary
  • Wikiversity

Subcategories

Pages in category “Education”

(previous page) ()(previous page) ()

Leave Your Apprehensions Behind With Lasik Eye Surgery Center

by

Sarah wilson

It has become easier to get treated for any disease easily these days, all thanks to the advent of information technology along with the advancement of medical science. However, getting operated for some treatment leaves people with many apprehensions, especially when the vital organs like eyes are in question. Sometimes, even looking for lasik eye surgery center becomes tough, but not any more, as you can flip through the pages of the directories or even get information through search engines.

YouTube Preview Image

The doctors at the lasik eye surgery center will offer you treatment for eye diseases and conditions like myopia – a condition in which things that are at quite a distance, become blurred or indistinct, but things that are approachable can be viewed easily and clearly. The other condition, hyperopia is characterized by clear vision when viewing objects in the distance but blurrs vision up close. Lasik surgery is also effective for astigmatism, which is a distortion of the image as reflected on the retina. This is caused by a misshapen cornea or lens of the eye. In fact, the combination of these conditions is common and can be cured easily at any good and reliable lasik eye surgery center.

Well informed doctors from the center will provide you with the information on the procedure of lasik surgery. In fact, if anyone who wishes to undergo the lasik surgery wears contact lenses, then it is advisable to stop wearing them before the initial check-up. The center will ask to you not to wear contact lenses for at least two weeks before surgery, as they are capable of altering the shape of the cornea. The doctors from the center can choose a treatment from a variety of procedures that suit the eye condition. However, wavefront mapping method is generally used prior to the surgery. Lasik treatment is not advisable for pregnant or nursing women or people with various conditions like corneal scratching or infection, keratonconus, herpes simplex or herpes zoster, glaucoma or high blood pressure, inflammation of the eye or eyelid and crusting of the eyelashes. In fact, a consultant from lasik eye surgery center will further inform you on the conditions that cannot be treated or are less likely to be successful.

In fact, the consultants from lasik eye surgery center will also advise you to restrain from using the cosmetics, at least a day before the surgery. This is to prevent debris from entering the eyes that can cause incorrect incisions and lead to infections. A reliable lasik eye surgery center also imparts information on the recovery period and risks involved. The vision may take three to eight weeks to stabilize. If you suffered from any visual problems before your surgery other than distance viewing conditions, it is important to remember that the surgery is not expected to correct any of those conditions that were pre-existing. While lasik eye surgery is quite safe, there is always the slight risk of complication. Hence, it is important to consider these risks before going for or deciding on the procedure. And that is what the lasik eye surgery center does, by giving you factual points involved in the lasik surgery.

Sarah Wilson is a tourism management expert with years of experience in overseas medical tourism management. If you want to know more about medical tourism,

lasik eye surgery centre

, gastric bypass surgery and more, you can visit

surgeryunlimited.com

Article Source:

Leave Your Apprehensions Behind With Lasik Eye Surgery Center

}

Vitamin D deficiency more common, serious, than thought

Posted by: pTg2P3NEin Uncategorized
12
Aug

Friday, November 2, 2007

Two scientists working at McGill University in Canada, reporting on their research and the research of other scientists, state in Scientific American that Vitamin D may have many uses in the human body besides building strong bones.

According to the scientists, Luz E. Tavera-Mendoza and John H. White, Vitamin D intake may also be beneficial in the prevention of cancer, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, and fighting tuberculosis, influenza and inflammatory bowel disease. The researchers say that there is an emerging “widespread consensus” among experts that a large part of the population has levels of Vitamin D in their bodies that is well below optimal concentrations for health, particularly in temperate regions, due to decreased sunlight and or less time outdoors, and during or just after the winter months. One study indicated that as many as 92% of adolescent girls in Northern Europe may have deficient levels of Vitamin D and 37% have severely deficient levels.

The problem is far worse among African-Americans than Americans with lighter skin. Almost half of African-American women may be seriously Vitamin D deficient, with presumably still another fraction deficient. Furthermore, the authors say researchers at Harvard University and elsewhere believe the FDA minimum recommended daily allowance of Vitamin D is far too low. The Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) ranges from 200 to 600 International Units (IU). In fact, the authors themselves take Vitamin D supplements. The first author takes 1000 IU during wintertime and the second author takes 5,000 IU in wintertime. They do caution, however, that there is a level at which Vitamin D becomes toxic.

Similar research has also been recently performed by researchers at the Queensland University of Technology who found that many elderly were likely not getting sufficient Vitamin D due in part to insufficient exposure to the sun.

Cleveland, Ohio clinic performs US’s first face transplant

Posted by: pTg2P3NEin Uncategorized
12
Aug

Thursday, December 18, 2008

A team of eight transplant surgeons in Cleveland Clinic in Ohio, USA, led by reconstructive surgeon Dr. Maria Siemionow, age 58, have successfully performed the first almost total face transplant in the US, and the fourth globally, on a woman so horribly disfigured due to trauma, that cost her an eye. Two weeks ago Dr. Siemionow, in a 23-hour marathon surgery, replaced 80 percent of her face, by transplanting or grafting bone, nerve, blood vessels, muscles and skin harvested from a female donor’s cadaver.

The Clinic surgeons, in Wednesday’s news conference, described the details of the transplant but upon request, the team did not publish her name, age and cause of injury nor the donor’s identity. The patient’s family desired the reason for her transplant to remain confidential. The Los Angeles Times reported that the patient “had no upper jaw, nose, cheeks or lower eyelids and was unable to eat, talk, smile, smell or breathe on her own.” The clinic’s dermatology and plastic surgery chair, Francis Papay, described the nine hours phase of the procedure: “We transferred the skin, all the facial muscles in the upper face and mid-face, the upper lip, all of the nose, most of the sinuses around the nose, the upper jaw including the teeth, the facial nerve.” Thereafter, another team spent three hours sewing the woman’s blood vessels to that of the donor’s face to restore blood circulation, making the graft a success.

The New York Times reported that “three partial face transplants have been performed since 2005, two in France and one in China, all using facial tissue from a dead donor with permission from their families.” “Only the forehead, upper eyelids, lower lip, lower teeth and jaw are hers, the rest of her face comes from a cadaver; she could not eat on her own or breathe without a hole in her windpipe. About 77 square inches of tissue were transplanted from the donor,” it further described the details of the medical marvel. The patient, however, must take lifetime immunosuppressive drugs, also called antirejection drugs, which do not guarantee success. The transplant team said that in case of failure, it would replace the part with a skin graft taken from her own body.

Dr. Bohdan Pomahac, a Brigham and Women’s Hospital surgeon praised the recent medical development. “There are patients who can benefit tremendously from this. It’s great that it happened,” he said.

Leading bioethicist Arthur Caplan of the University of Pennsylvania withheld judgment on the Cleveland transplant amid grave concerns on the post-operation results. “The biggest ethical problem is dealing with failure — if your face rejects. It would be a living hell. If your face is falling off and you can’t eat and you can’t breathe and you’re suffering in a terrible manner that can’t be reversed, you need to put on the table assistance in dying. There are patients who can benefit tremendously from this. It’s great that it happened,” he said.

Dr Alex Clarke, of the Royal Free Hospital had praised the Clinic for its contribution to medicine. “It is a real step forward for people who have severe disfigurement and this operation has been done by a team who have really prepared and worked towards this for a number of years. These transplants have proven that the technical difficulties can be overcome and psychologically the patients are doing well. They have all have reacted positively and have begun to do things they were not able to before. All the things people thought were barriers to this kind of operations have been overcome,” she said.

The first partial face transplant surgery on a living human was performed on Isabelle Dinoire on November 27 2005, when she was 38, by Professor Bernard Devauchelle, assisted by Professor Jean-Michel Dubernard in Amiens, France. Her Labrador dog mauled her in May 2005. A triangle of face tissue including the nose and mouth was taken from a brain-dead female donor and grafted onto the patient. Scientists elsewhere have performed scalp and ear transplants. However, the claim is the first for a mouth and nose transplant. Experts say the mouth and nose are the most difficult parts of the face to transplant.

In 2004, the same Cleveland Clinic, became the first institution to approve this surgery and test it on cadavers. In October 2006, surgeon Peter Butler at London‘s Royal Free Hospital in the UK was given permission by the NHS ethics board to carry out a full face transplant. His team will select four adult patients (children cannot be selected due to concerns over consent), with operations being carried out at six month intervals. In March 2008, the treatment of 30-year-old neurofibromatosis victim Pascal Coler of France ended after having received what his doctors call the worlds first successful full face transplant.

Ethical concerns, psychological impact, problems relating to immunosuppression and consequences of technical failure have prevented teams from performing face transplant operations in the past, even though it has been technically possible to carry out such procedures for years.

Mr Iain Hutchison, of Barts and the London Hospital, warned of several problems with face transplants, such as blood vessels in the donated tissue clotting and immunosuppressants failing or increasing the patient’s risk of cancer. He also pointed out ethical issues with the fact that the procedure requires a “beating heart donor”. The transplant is carried out while the donor is brain dead, but still alive by use of a ventilator.

According to Stephen Wigmore, chair of British Transplantation Society’s ethics committee, it is unknown to what extent facial expressions will function in the long term. He said that it is not certain whether a patient could be left worse off in the case of a face transplant failing.

Mr Michael Earley, a member of the Royal College of Surgeon‘s facial transplantation working party, commented that if successful, the transplant would be “a major breakthrough in facial reconstruction” and “a major step forward for the facially disfigured.”

In Wednesday’s conference, Siemionow said “we know that there are so many patients there in their homes where they are hiding from society because they are afraid to walk to the grocery stores, they are afraid to go the the street.” “Our patient was called names and was humiliated. We very much hope that for this very special group of patients there is a hope that someday they will be able to go comfortably from their houses and enjoy the things we take for granted,” she added.

In response to the medical breakthrough, a British medical group led by Royal Free Hospital’s lead surgeon Dr Peter Butler, said they will finish the world’s first full face transplant within a year. “We hope to make an announcement about a full-face operation in the next 12 months. This latest operation shows how facial transplantation can help a particular group of the most severely facially injured people. These are people who would otherwise live a terrible twilight life, shut away from public gaze,” he said.

Media reports exaggerate cell phone risks again

Posted by: pTg2P3NEin Uncategorized
12
Aug

Monday, September 22, 2008

Several mainstream news outlets have misstated and overstated a possible link between cellular phone use and decreased fertility in men. A single experiment, which has not yet been published in any peer reviewed journal or replicated by other scientists, observed an average decrease in sperm motility and an increase in free radicals among laboratory sperm samples that were exposed to radiation similar to the radiation produced by cellular phone use.

Dr. Ashok Agarwal of the Cleveland Clinic estimates the overall health impact of cellular phones as “very safe” and reassured a Cable News Network reporter that the research was too premature to advise lifestyle changes for the public. “Our study has not provided proof that you should stop putting cell phones in your pocket. There are many things that need to be proven before we get to that stage.” He noted that his own cell phone was in his trouser pocket while he was giving the interview. Dr. Agarwal is the lead researcher for the study and Director of the Center for Reproductive Medicine at the Cleveland Clinic.

Cell phone industry spokesman Joe Farren agreed with Dr. Agarwal’s assessment about the devices’ overall safety: “The weight of the published scientific evidence, in addition to the opinion of global health organizations, shows that there is no link between wireless usage and adverse health effects.”

The controlled experiment used sperm samples from thirty-two donors: twenty-three healthy men and nine men who had fertility problems. Sperm were then exposed to radiation for one hour at 850 megahertz, the most common frequency for cell phones in the United States. Dr. Agarwal’s study raises a possible concern that cell phones kept on belts or trouser pockets and used in conjunction with wireless bluetooth earpieces “could cause harmful effects due to the proximity of the phones and the exposure that they are causing to the gonads.” He also noted that follow-up research is needed to determine whether the body’s skin and other tissue affords protection from the potential damage.

Several news sources ran misleading reports that overstated the risk.

The Los Angeles Times asserted a fallacious causal relationship that Dr. Agarwhal had not drawn and ignored his opinions that cellular phones are safe and no change in phone use is necessary. Instead, the piece opened by ordering men to stop keeping cell phones in their pockets:

HAVE YOUR SAY
Do you think that cell phones are safe?
Add or view comments
“Attention male cellphone users of reproductive age: Take that phone out of your pocket. Information published today suggests that the radio-frequency energy released by cellphones decreases sperm quality in men.”

Ciol News ran a similar account:

“Beware men! Do you have the habit of keeping your mobile phone in the pockets of your trousers while talking on hand-free? Or do clip the mobile to your belt while talking? If so you are doing that at the cost of your fertility, warns a recent study.”

Mobile Magazine went a step further, also alluding to previous media exaggerations about cellular phone dangers:

“Oh no! It seems that mobile phones are getting even more problematic than ever. After getting linked to everything from migraines to cancer, it seems that the radiation from cell phones is now being connected to stupid sperm. Yes, I’m talking about the little swimmers that lead into a conversation about the birds and the bees.”

Mobile Magazine also ended in a misleading manner with “I wonder if it’s healthier to put your phone in your shirt pocket instead,” failing to mention that Dr. Agarwal had addressed that concern and had called it an unnecessary precaution.

Not all news sources overplayed the findings. CNN and United Press International ran balanced reports that did not suggest dangers or precautions beyond the lead researcher’s conclusions.

This article features first-hand journalism by Wikinews members. See the collaboration page for more details.
This article features first-hand journalism by Wikinews members. See the collaboration page for more details.